Son Güncelleme:

15/09/2020 - 10:46

Üniversitemiz öğretim üyelerinden Prof. Dr. Meryem Beklioğlu’nun yazarları arasında bulunduğu “Exposure to a microplastic mixture is altering the life traits and is causing deformities in the non-biting midge Chironomus riparius Meigen (1804)” başlıklı makale Environmental Pollution’da yayınlandı.

The effect of microplastics (MP) exposure on the chironomid species Chironomus riparius Meigen, 1804 was investigated using the OECD sediment and water toxicity test. Chironomid larvae were exposed to an environmentally relevant low microplastics concentration (LC), a high microplastics concentration (HC) and a control (C). The LC was 0.007 g m−2 on the water surface + 2 g m−3 in the water column + 8 g m−2 in the sediment, and the HC was 10 X higher than this for each exposure. The size of the majority of the manufactured microplastic pellets varied between 20 and 100 μm. The MP mixture consisted of: polyethylene-terephtalate (PET), polystyrene (PS), polyvinyl-chloride (PVC) and polyamide (PA) in a ratio of 45%: 15%: 20%: 20%, respectively, for the sediment exposure; 100% polyethylene for the water column exposure; and 50% polyethylene: 50% polypropylene for the water surface exposure. Different endpoints were monitored, including morphological changes in the mandibles and mentums of 4th instar larvae, morphological changes in the wings, mortality, emergence ratio, and developmental time. A geometric morphometric analysis showed a tendency toward widening of the wings, elongation of the mentums and changing the shape of the mandibles in specimens exposed to both concentrations of microplastics. The development time of C. riparius was significantly prolonged by the MP treatment: 13.8 ± 0.5; 14.4 ± 0.6; and 15.3 ± 0.4 days (mean ± SD) in the C, LC, and HC, respectively. This study indicates that even environmentally relevant concentrations of MP mixture have a negative influence on C. riparius, especially at the larval stage.

Stanković, J., Milošević, D., Savić-Zdraković, D., Yalçın, G., Yildiz, D., Beklioğlu, M., & Jovanović, B. (2020). Exposure to a microplastic mixture is altering the life traits and is causing deformities in the non-biting midge chironomus riparius meigen (1804). Environmental Pollution, 262 doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2020.114248


Makaleye erişim için:

ODTÜ Yazarı

Prof. Dr. Meryem Beklioğlu Scopus Yazar Kimliği: 6603923669
Yazar Hakkında ORCID: 0000-0003-2145-3941

Anahtar sözcükler:

Chironomids; Development; Ecotoxicology; Geometric morphometrics; Microplastics; Toxicity

Diğer Yazarlar:
Stanković, J., Milošević, D., Savić-Zdraković, D., Yalçın, G. (ODTÜ), Yildiz, D. (ODTÜ), & Jovanović, B.

Ek Bilgiler:
This study was supported by AQUACOSM : the EU-network connecting freshwater and marine large experimental research infrastructures, funded by the European Commission EU H2020-INFRAIA-project No 731065 , and by Grant iii43002 (“Biosensing technologies and a global system for long-term research and the integrated management of ecosystems”) by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia .