Last Updated:

14/12/2020 - 14:50

The research article “Structural and temperature-tuned optical characteristics of Bi12GeO20 sillenite crystals”, co-authored by METU member Prof. Nızamı Hasanlı, has been published in Chinese Journal of Physics.

Sillenite compounds exhibit unique photorefractive and electro-optic characteristics providing attractiveness to these materials in various optoelectronic applications. The present paper aims at investigating one of the members of this family. Structural and optical characteristics of Bi12GeO20 (BGO) were studied by means of x-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy and temperature-dependent transmittance measurements. Obtained transmission curves in the wavelength range of 350−1100 nm and at different applied temperatures between 10 and 300 K were employed to find out the absorption coefficient dependence on the photon energy. Tauc relation revealed the presence of an energy gap of 2.49 eV at room temperature. Extension of energy gap up to 2.57 eV due to decreased temperature down to 10 K was deduced by the analysis. In order to have reliable results, the energy gap value was corroborated by utilizing derivative spectral method and well consistency between both methods was indicated. Energy gap change with temperature was also discussed in the study using an empirical formula developed by Varshni. Energy gap at absolute zero and rate of band gap alteration with temperature were determined as 2.57 eV and −2.4 × 10−4 eV K 1, respectively. Taking into account the previously reported studies on investigation of band gap characteristics of BGO, intrinsic BiGe3++VO+ defect could be responsible for the revealed energy value of 2.49 eV which is much lower than reported band gap energy of ~3.2 eV.

Delice, S., Isik, M., Gasanly, N. M., Darvishov, N. H., & Bagiev, V. E. (2020). Structural and temperature-tuned optical characteristics of Bi12GeO20 sillenite crystals. Chinese Journal of Physics, 66, 422-429. doi:10.1016/j.cjph.2020.04.005


Article access:

METU Author

Prof. Nızamı Hasanlı

Web of Science/Publons Researcher ID: ABA-2249-2020 Scopus Author ID: 35580905900
About the author ORCID: 0000-0002-3199-6686


Bismuth germanium oxide; Optical properties; Sillenites

Other authors:

Delice, S., Isik, M., Darvishov, N.H., & Bagiev V.E.


This work was supported by ATILIM University under Grant No: ATÜ-ADP-1920–03 .