Last Updated:

09/10/2020 - 13:21

The research article “Solvent selection for fabrication of low temperature ZnO electron transport layer in perovskite solar cells”, co-authored by METU visiting researcher Dr. Mohsen Ameri, has been published in Optical Materials.

Zinc Oxide (ZnO) with an easy synthesis method, low processing temperature, and high charge carrier mobility has been considered as a proper electron transport layer (ETL) for perovskite solar cells. Herein, we investigate the effect of the most common solvents for the preparation of ZnO and investigate their application as ETL for PSC. ZnO layers were prepared from three different solvents 2-methoxyethanol (2ME), isopropyl alcohol (IPA) and ethanol. A complete investigation of the structural, morphological, optical and device performance was performed. The results show that the type of solvent has a significant effect on electrical, optical and structural properties of ZnO layer, the capping perovskite layer composed of methyl ammonium lead iodide (MAPbI3) and the total performance of the cell. The ZnO film prepared by 2ME as the solvent showed the best performance mainly because of better surface coverage by MAPbI3, larger grain sizes, fewer pinholes, satisfying the Pb/I theoretical stoichiometry in the perovskite layer and the highest absorbance compared to other solvents. In addition, the simulation modeling shows that the ZnO(2ME)/MAPbI3 interface has the lowest defect density and for having planar ZnO-based PSCs with PCE of over 22%, the interface defects should be kept under 1013cm−3.

Ahmadi, S. H., Ghaffarkani, M., Ameri, M., Safari, N., & Mohajerani, E. (2020). Solvent selection for fabrication of low temperature ZnO electron transport layer in perovskite solar cells. Optical Materials, 106 doi:10.1016/j.optmat.2020.109977


Article access:

METU Author

Dr. Mohsen Ameri

Web of Science/Publons Researcher ID: AAB-1731-2020
Scopus Author ID: 54890272300
ORCID: 0000-0003-0453-5021


Electron transporter layer (ETL); Perovskite solar cell (PSC); Solvent; Traps; Zinc oxide (ZnO)

Other authors:

Ahmadi, S. H., Ghaffarkani, M., Safari, N., & Mohajerani, E.