The research article “Low-temperature oxidation reactions of crude oils using TGA–DSC techniques”, co-authored by METU member Prof. Mustafa Verşan Kök, has been published in Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry.
In this research, combustion behaviour of three crude oils with different °API gravities was analysed. The thermogravimetric analyser (TGA) and differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) experiments were performed using three different heating rates (2, 5, and 10 °C min−1) under air atmosphere. The reaction regions, burn-out temperatures, and peak temperatures were determined accordingly. Two main reaction regions, particularly the low-temperature oxidation (LTO) and high-temperature oxidation (HTO) reactions, were figured out in TGA and DSC curves, which suggested exothermic behaviour. Kinetic parameters of the crude oils were determined using model free methods (Ozawa–Flynn–Wall, OFW, and Kissinger–Akahira–Sunose, KAS), which allows the calculation of kinetic properties at progressive conversion degrees without the requirement of any reaction models and f(α) estimations. The variation in activation energy with respect to the conversion degree pointed out that the LTO reaction stage can be subdivided into three subzones. The results indicated that the activation energies were changing depending on the conversion degree, which is an indication of complex reaction mechanisms. The change in activation energy with respect to conversion degree showed slight variation for heavy crude oil compared with that in light crude oil.
Kok, M. V., Varfolomeev, M. A., & Nurgaliev, D. K. (2020). Low-temperature oxidation reactions of crude oils using TGA–DSC techniques. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 141(2), 775-781. doi:10.1007/s10973-019-09066-y
Article access: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10973-019-09066-y
Prof. Mustafa Verşan Kök
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|About the author|
Differential scanning calorimeter; In situ combustion; Kinetic analysis; Low-temperature oxidation; Ramped temperature oxidation; Thermogravimetry
Varfolomeev M.A., & Nurgaliev D.K.
This work has been performed according to the Russian Government Program of Competitive Growth of Kazan Federal University.